Install Ubuntu (Linux)

Install Ubuntu (Linux)

If you want more flexibility, automated scripts and stability, I recommend to install Ubuntu (Linux) over Windows. Some will say the exact opposite, it is mainly a question of personal taste. Linux is free over windows at almost 100$. That’s a no-brainer to me! Ubuntu is one the more user-friendly Linux distribution out there. For sure if you never play with Linux, be ready to face frustration on the way. It tend to be a bit more difficult to play with. I wouldn’t have recommend a while back ago, but nowadays, the Linux community is stronger than ever. The new distributions are now very easy to use for everyone.

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INSTALL WITH USB KEY (recommanded):

You can easily install Ubuntu with a usb stick.

1. Just download the ISO file ( http://www.ubuntu.com/download ).

2. If you are currently on windows you can use this application: http://www.linuxliveusb.com to create your usb installer with the ISO you downloaded on the link below.

3. Once it is done, plug your USB, reboot.

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INSTALL UBUNTU WITH BURNED DVD:

1. Just download the ISO file ( http://www.ubuntu.com/download ).

2. Burn the ISO file with a software like PowerISO or Free Iso Burner.

3. Once it is done, put DVD into DVD Drive, reboot.

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You might need to get into the BIOS and change the boot device priority. You need to have your dvd drive/usb key to boot first.
http://pcsupport.about.com/od/fixtheproblem/ss/bootorderchange.htm

WARNING: With my TV plugged into the HDMI output of my graphic card, there is no way the BIOS can be shown in TV. I needed to plug a temporary monitor to do so. Be aware you might want to configure your PC somewhere else than beside your TV.

4. Once the installer boot up, follow the instructions and it is done!
Here is a good guide to walk trought the installation process:
http://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop/install-ubuntu-desktop

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On my side I install Ubuntu with Partitions that looks like theses with a 500GB disk drive: (You will need to go to the advanced partitioning page):
install

/ 40 GB EXT 4
/swap (2x amount of RAM)    8GB SWAP
/boot 500MB EXT 3
/home/ ~400GB EXT 4

 

Explainations:

/ is equivalent to C: in Windows. It is the base Directory of everything. It is basically UBUNTU. 50GB will be more then enough. For now it uses only 5GB on my system

/swap is a place to put Data when RAM is FULL to avoid CRASH. It is more slow than RAM, but avoid Crash. It is recommended to put twice the amount of RAM in space.

/boot is where the operating system BOOTING information is stored. A 500MB will be more than enough.

/home is your users directory. Equivalent to My Documents in Windows. All your program DATA will be mainly stored there.

EXT 4 is a FILE SYSTEM. Which means it is how the data is stored (write and read) : into the hard drive. It is one of the fastest out there. It is way more fast they the old NTFS that windows use since a long time. To compare all File system: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_file_systems

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If you are new to ubuntu here is some nice guide and helps to start:

http://ubuntuguide.org/wiki/Ubuntu_Trusty
http://ubuntuforums.org/